Learning Techniques

How do you actually get good in messy, real world domains? This tag covers practice, pedagogy design, theories of expert cognition, and the very cutting edge of expertise research.

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Focus on the Cases

Professor Rand Spiro on why (and how!) business cases are more important to learn from than synthesised business concepts.

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The Most Useful Question to Ask About Expertise

What a question about growth marketing tells us about expertise — and why expert-novice differences are so useful to probe if you're a practitioner.

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How to Hunt for Concept Instantiations

If you read history for concept instantiations, then: a) how do you hunt for cases for each concept, and b) how do you identify new concepts from the history you read? We look at answers to both questions.

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Don't Read History for Lessons

Learning from history is often problematic — history is context and path dependent, and it doesn't repeat itself. But what if there is a better way to read history, one that sidesteps these problems?

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Ability to See Expertise is a Milestone Worth Aiming For

Good news: we have a neat, universal milestone on the journey to mastery. What that looks like, and how to use it.

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Be Good To Your Mentors

Mentor relationships can be absolutely wonderful over the arc of a career. This is a simple way to think about finding and keeping good mentors.

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Ill-Structured Domains Aren't Necessarily Wicked

Cognitive Flexibility Theory: the caveats. Also: a look at kind vs wicked learning domains, and what this tells us about building expertise in messy, real world domains.

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The Principles are Useless On Their Own

What happens if cases are more important than principles in your domain? Some non-obvious implications.

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How Note Taking Can Help You Become an Expert

What Cognitive Flexibility Theory tells us about the acceleration of expertise in ill-structured domains.

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The Best Way to Learn From Other People's Experiences

Why bother learning history, when history isn't likely to repeat itself? We take a look at what Cognitive Flexibility Theory tells us about the best way to learn from other people's experiences.

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